I was on twitter when Budget speech was going on. I read investment in so many good projects and felt good about it. Suddenly realized – wait, should I objectively look at the expenditure? How are these expenditure be accounted for and use? What best use is possible of this money? Can we reduce some expenses by approaching a lot of things differently? Though I did not mean overlooking required support to common man, but still is there any alternative way? Is there any Jugad as we call in Hindi.
My previous blog was on the plight of farmers in Maharashtra – Self respect. In Budget 2013 Drinking water and sanitation is allocated 15,000 Cr and watershed 5000 Cr. So, I connected these thoughts and remembered a discussion with my father last Sept when I went to Indore. We discussed that the area of Indore is about 500 square-KM. Each year Indore receives average of 39 inches of rainfall about 1 meter. Rainfall is calculated as based on a simple method – how much water would a container receive in the rains, if the container is kept open under the sky?
If only 10% of this rainwater is harvested, how much would it be? This 10% is very least which can be done. Right now I can think of this 10% as roof tops of private & public buildings, unused space under Govts possession e.g. polo ground (a place in Indore), University & college grounds and say roads (with proper water canal diverting water to the harvesting area).
Based on the definition of rainfall measurement if that 10% is the container, this container would be of a size of 10% of 500 square-KM
Container size would be about 50 square-KM.
This container can accumulate a whooping 50 square-KM water upto 1 meter height during the rains.
Let me convert it into cubic meters – 50X 1000 X 1000 (Square meters) X 1 meter
50,000,000 cubic meters of water!
If it is assumed that population of Indore is 2,000,000 and each individual uses 40 cubic meter water per year, 63% of the water requirement (50,000,000/2,000,000X40) of Indore can be fulfilled by harvested rainwater itself. The surplus saved water (which otherwise required in Indore) can be used by farmers around Indore. What if that is done all over India? Government can save a lot of extravagant expense on irrigation & drinking water schemes.
1. Budget money saved by water harvesting
2. Life saved by reducing chances of drought
3. Increased agriculture produce due to availability of water – addition to the GDP!
I belong to a small district headquarter Dhar in MP. About a thousand years ago a King ruled Dhar – Raja Bhoj. It is said that during his tenure he made 12 lakes for water. All these lakes were connected to each other for collecting rainwater. If during rains one lake overflows, the water would flow to the other. This was 1000 years back. I wonder what are we doing now.
Now watch this Ted talk for solution implemented even before Britishers came to rule India. There is hope, just Wake up and take action.